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2013 Day2P21 Life of Binaries: Program Segment Headers




The class materials are available at  http://www.OpenSecurityTraining.info/LifeOfBinaries.html
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Have you ever wondered what happens when a C program is compiled and executed on a system? This three-day class by Xeno Kovah will investigate the life of a binary from birth as C source code to death as a process running in memory being terminated.

Topics will include but are not limited to:

*Scanning and tokenizing source code.

*Parsing a grammar and outputting assembly code.

*Different targets for x86 assembly object files generation. (E.g. relocatable vs. position independent code).

*Linking object files together to create a well-formed binary.

*Detailed description of the Windows PE binary format.

*How Windows loads a binary into memory and links it on the fly before executing it.

*Detailed description of the Unix/Linux/BSD ELF binary format.

Along the way we will discuss the relevance of security at different stages of a binary's life, from how viruses *really* work, to the way which malware "packers" duplicate OS process execution functionality, to the benefit of a security-enhanced OS loader which implements address space layout randomization (ASLR).

Lab work will include:

*Using the new "Binary Scavenger Hunt" tool which creates randomized PE binaries and asks randomized questions about the material you just learned!

*Manipulating compiler options to change the type of assembly which is output

*Manipulating linker options to change the structure of binary formats

*Reading and understanding PE files with PEView

*Using WinDbg to watch the loader resolve imports in an executable

*Using Thread Local Storage (TLS) to obfuscate control flow and serve as a basic anti-debug mechanism

*Creating a simple example virus for PE

*Analyze the changes made to the binary format when a file is packed with UPX

*Using the rootkit technique of Import Address Table (IAT) hooking to subvert the integrity of a program's calls to external libraries, allowing processes to be hidden.


The prerequisites for this class are a basic understanding of C programming and compilation. This class is recommended for a later class on Rootkits (playlist: http://bit.ly/HLkPVG) as we talk about IAT Hooking, and required for a later class on malware analysis.


Producer Xeno Kovah

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